A Tricky Verb 'TO BE' and Its Usage

The verb 'to be' is one of the most common verbs in the English language. It has many different forms in different tenses. Read the text and watch a video showing how some students struggle with using this verb in sentences:) It's not as easy as it may seem to be.



The verb 'to be' in passive sentences

The verb 'to be' is used together with the third form of the verb (Past Participle form) in passive sentences.

For example:

ACTIVE: I eat an apple.

PASSIVE: The apple is eaten.

More examples:

People buy cars. --> Cars are bought. ( Present Simple )

Someone turned on the light. --> The light was turned on. ( Past Simple)

He will clean the house. --> The house will be cleaned. ( Future Simple)

Progressive Forms of the verb 'to be'

The progressive form of the verb "to be" is ' being.'

This means the action is ongoing (continuing).


The little boy is being naughty.

She was being rude, but then she apologized.

Perfect Forms of the verb 'to be'

The perfect form of the verb "to be" is 'been.'

This means the action is complete (finished).


The little boy has been naughty.

She has been rude, but now she apologizes.

Enjoy watching the video!

Tags learnenglish,verb 'to be' video,grammar

Joanna Kawrow 22-05-2017

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